Languages in Switzerland
facts and figures
Four official national languages and numerous dialects are spoken in Switzerland.
The majority of the population lives in German-speaking Switzerland. Swiss-German dialects are predominantly spoken in 19 out of 26 cantons.
In the west of the country, in Suisse romande, French is spoken. 4 cantons are French-speaking: Geneva / Vaud / Neuchâtel / Jura. 3 cantons are bilingual: German and French are spoken in Bern, Friborg and Valais.
Italian is spoken in Ticino and in 4 southern valleys of Graubünden.
The canton of Graubünden is multilingual. German, Italian and Romansh are spoken there. With 0.5% of the population, the Rhaeto-Romans are the smallest Swiss language group. Within this group there are five resp. six different languages: Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Puter and Vallader. Since 1982 there has also been the Rumantsch Grischun, which is a linguistic compromise between the five Romansh languages.
The large number of foreigners living in Switzerland also contribute to the linguistic diversity. There are more and more people in Switzerland whose mother tongue is not one of the four 'Swiss languages'.
A wide variety of methods and valuation models exist for property appraisals, depending on the property type